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Learn The Basics From Your Local Enfield Plumber - Blockage Inspectors - Plumbing Tips

Plumbing is an essential aspect of our daily lives, ensuring the proper functioning of water supply and drainage systems in our homes. While major plumbing issues often require the expertise of a professional plumber, there are several basic plumbing tasks that you can learn to handle yourself. In this article, we will guide you through various "how to" steps, equipping you with the knowledge to tackle common plumbing problems and perform simple repairs. So let's dive in and discover the world of plumbing!

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Your Local Enfield Plumber

What is Plumbing?

Plumbing refers to the system of pipes, fixtures, and other apparatuses used for the distribution of water and the disposal of waste in buildings. It encompasses a wide range of tasks, including installation, repair, and maintenance of water supply systems, drainage systems, and fixtures such as sinks, toilets, showers, and faucets.

Why Learn Basic Plumbing?

Learning basic plumbing skills can save you both time and money. By acquiring a fundamental understanding of plumbing, you can address minor issues promptly, preventing them from escalating into more significant problems. Being able to fix a leaky faucet, unclog a drain, or replace a faulty toilet component on your own can give you a sense of accomplishment and independence. Moreover, it allows you to handle emergencies effectively until professional help arrives.

Essential Tools for Plumbing

Before you embark on any plumbing task, it's crucial to have the right tools at your disposal. Here are some essential tools every DIY plumber should have:

  1. Adjustable wrench: Used for tightening and loosening nuts and bolts.

  2. Plunger: Ideal for unclogging drains and toilets.

  3. Pipe wrench: Helps in gripping and turning pipes.

  4. Pipe cutter: Used to cut pipes to the desired length.

  5. Teflon tape: Used for sealing pipe threads.

  6. Hacksaw: Useful for cutting through metal pipes and fittings.

  7. Auger: Helps in clearing stubborn clogs.

Common Plumbing Issues

Before we delve into the specific "how to" steps, let's explore some common plumbing problems you might encounter:

  • Leaky faucets: Dripping faucets can waste a significant amount of water over time.

  • Clogged drains: Accumulation of hair, grease, or foreign objects can obstruct the flow of water.

  • Running toilets: A continuously running toilet can result in water wastage and increased utility bills.

  • Low water pressure: Inadequate water pressure can hamper daily tasks and indicate underlying issues.

  • Water leaks: Leaks in pipes, joints, or fixtures can lead to water damage and mold growth.

How to Fix a Leaky Faucet

A leaky faucet is not only annoying but can also lead to water wastage. Follow these steps to fix a leaky faucet:

  • Turn off the water supply to the faucet.

  • Remove the decorative cap or handle to access the cartridge or valve stem.

  • Replace the faulty parts such as O-rings or washers.

  • Reassemble the faucet and test for leaks.

How to Unclog a Drain

Clogged drains are a common plumbing issue that can disrupt your daily routines. Follow these steps to unclog a drain effectively:

  1. Start by using a plunger. Place the plunger over the drain, ensuring a tight seal, and vigorously plunge up and down to create suction. Repeat several times until the water starts to drain.

  2. If the plunger doesn't work, try using a drain snake or auger. Insert the snake into the drain and rotate it while pushing it further to break up the clog. Pull out the snake, and the clog should come out with it.

  3. For stubborn clogs, you can use a mixture of baking soda and vinegar. Pour half a cup of baking soda down the drain, followed by half a cup of vinegar. Let it sit for about 30 minutes, and then flush with hot water.

How to Replace a Toilet

Replacing a toilet may seem daunting, but with the right steps, it can be a manageable task. Here's how to replace a toilet:

  1. Turn off the water supply to the toilet by shutting off the valve located behind or beside the toilet.

  2. Flush the toilet to empty the tank and remove any remaining water using a sponge or towel.

  3. Disconnect the water supply line from the bottom of the tank and unscrew the bolts securing the toilet to the floor.

  4. Lift the toilet bowl straight up to detach it from the wax ring. Place it aside.

  5. Remove the wax ring and scrape off any residue from the flange.

  6. Install a new wax ring on the flange and position the new toilet bowl over it.

  7. Lower the toilet bowl onto the wax ring, ensuring it aligns with the bolts on the floor.

  8. Reattach the bolts, reconnect the water supply line, and turn on the water.

  9. Test the toilet for leaks by flushing and checking the connection points.

How to Install a Showerhead

Installing a showerhead can be a simple and rewarding DIY project. Follow these steps to install a new showerhead:

  1. Start by removing the old showerhead. Use an adjustable wrench to loosen and unscrew it from the shower arm.

  2. Clean the shower arm threads and apply plumber's tape to ensure a secure seal.

  3. Screw on the new showerhead onto the shower arm, tightening it by hand.

  4. Use a cloth or a soft wrench to give it a final snug turn, being careful not to overtighten.

  5. Turn on the shower to check for any leaks. If necessary, adjust the tightness of the showerhead.

How to Fix a Running Toilet

A running toilet is not only wasteful but can also be irritating. Follow these steps to fix a running toilet:

  1. Remove the toilet tank lid and inspect the components inside.

  2. Check the flapper valve. If it's not sealing properly, it may need to be replaced.

  3. Adjust the chain connected to the flapper valve. It should have enough slack to allow for a full seal but not so much that it gets caught.

  4. If the fill valve is malfunctioning, you may need to replace it. Turn off the water supply and follow the manufacturer's instructions for replacement.

  5. Test the toilet by flushing it and ensure it stops running once the tank is full.

How to Detect and Fix Water Leaks

Water leaks can cause significant damage if left unattended. Here's how to detect and fix water leaks:

  1. Check for visible leaks by inspecting pipes, faucets, and fixtures for any signs of dripping or pooling water.

  2. Monitor your water meter for any unusual fluctuations when no water is being used. If the meter reading changes, it may indicate a hidden leak.

  3. Test toilet leaks by adding a few drops of food coloring to the toilet tank. If the color appears in the bowl without flushing, there's a leak in the flapper valve that needs to be fixed.

  4. Check for leaks in pipe joints and connections. Tighten any loose fittings or consider using plumbing tape or sealant for a more secure seal.

  5. If you suspect a hidden pipe leak, turn off all water-consuming appliances and fixtures, and observe the meter for changes. If the meter continues to change, it's recommended to consult a professional plumber to locate and fix the leak.

How to Winterise Your Plumbing

Winterising your plumbing is crucial to prevent frozen pipes and potential damage during cold weather. Follow these steps to winterise your plumbing:

  1. Disconnect and drain outdoor hoses. Close the outdoor water valves, and if possible, use insulation covers for outdoor faucets.

  2. Insulate exposed pipes in unheated areas such as basements, crawl spaces, and garages. Use foam pipe insulation or heating tape.

  3. Seal any cracks or openings in exterior walls where pipes are located to prevent cold drafts.

  4. Allow warm air to circulate around pipes by keeping cabinet doors open under sinks during cold periods.

  5. Set your thermostat to a consistent temperature, even when you're away, to ensure sufficient heat throughout your home.

  6. If you're leaving your home for an extended period during winter, consider draining the water supply system completely or hiring a professional to do so.

Here are some additional tips to keep in mind when engaging in DIY plumbing tasks:

  1. Always turn off the water supply before starting any repairs or installations.

  2. Familiarise yourself with the specific plumbing system in your home, including the location of shut-off valves and key components.

  3. Use personal protective equipment (PPE) such as gloves and safety glasses to protect yourself from potential hazards.

  4. Research and follow step-by-step guides and tutorials specific to the task you're undertaking.

  5. If at any point you feel unsure or encounter a complex issue, it's best to consult a professional plumber to avoid causing further damage.

When to Call a Professional Plumber in Enfield

While many plumbing tasks can be tackled as DIY projects, certain situations warrant the expertise of a professional plumber. Consider contacting a plumber for the following:

  1. Major plumbing installations, such as a new water heater or a complete bathroom remodel.

  2. Persistent or complex plumbing issues that you're unable to resolve on your own.

  3. Plumbing projects involving gas lines or sewer lines, which require specialised knowledge and permits.

  4. Emergencies, such as burst pipes or sewage backups, that require immediate attention to prevent extensive damage.

By learning basic plumbing skills and following the step-by-step guidelines provided in this article, you can gain confidence in handling common plumbing issues. Remember to use the appropriate tools, take safety precautions, and know your limits. While DIY plumbing can be rewarding and cost-effective, always recognise when it's necessary to seek the assistance of a professional plumber to ensure the integrity and longevity of your plumbing system.


1. Can I fix a leaky faucet without turning off the water supply?

It's always recommended to turn off the water supply before attempting any repairs on a faucet. This ensures your safety and prevents water damage in case of accidental leaks or mishaps during the repair process.

2. How do I know if I have a hidden water leak in my home?

Signs of hidden water leaks include unexplained increases in your water bill, damp or discolored areas on walls or ceilings, musty odors, and the sound of running water when no faucets or appliances are in use. If you suspect a hidden leak, it's best to consult a professional plumber to locate and fix the issue.

3. Can I use chemical drain cleaners to unclog a drain?

While chemical drain cleaners can be effective in clearing some clogs, they can also cause damage to your pipes over time due to their corrosive nature. It's advisable to use non-toxic alternatives or mechanical methods, such as plungers or drain snakes, to unclog drains whenever possible.

4. How often should I replace my showerhead?

The lifespan of a showerhead can vary depending on usage, water quality, and maintenance. However, on average, it's recommended to replace your showerhead every 5-8 years to ensure optimal water flow and prevent mineral buildup.

5. Should I attempt to repair a gas leak myself?

Gas leaks are hazardous and should never be taken lightly. If you suspect a gas leak, evacuate the area immediately and contact your gas utility provider or emergency services. Gas-related repairs and installations should only be handled by licensed professionals with the necessary expertise and equipment.

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